for the banks , many loan applicants are hobbled a " one-two punch " of weak sales and too much debt, says of Wells Fargo , America's largest small-business lender .美国最大的小企业贷款银行富国银行领导人指出：“在他们看来，这些申请贷款的企业就像是在受到了销售疲软和巨额的债务的重拳打击后步履蹒跚的前进着。”
in 1999 , Basel Committee made market discipline as one of the three pillars of bank supervision , and subordinated debt ( SND ) abstracts more and more attention from the experts .1999年，伴随着巴塞尔委员会正式将市场约束定位为银行监管的三大支柱之一，次级债券以其独特的性质，引起了专家学者的关注。
2 . 偿还利息
this means they do not need to generate& pound ; 30 million a year just to debt ( like United ) .这意味着他们不需要像曼联，每年光是为偿还利息就得先赚出3000万英镑。
1 . 债基
the pursuit of stability and dividend yield investors , this is a closed - end debt - of the biggest attraction .对于追求收益率稳定且分红的投资者来说,这是封闭式债基最大的吸引力之一.
2 . 债务的国家
all - and especially those holding American debt - will be assessing the decisions that brought them to this point .特别是那些持有美国债务的国家会审议是哪些决策导致了目前的局面.